Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), besides being porous materials exhibit a very rich chemistry, which can be used for the synthesis of composites and/or the reactive adsorption of toxic gases. In this study, composites of MOFs (MOF-5, HKUST-1 or MIL-100(Fe)) and a graphitic compound (graphite or graphite oxide, GO) were synthesized and tested for the removal of NH3, H2S and NO2 under ambient conditions. The materials were characterized before and after exposure to the target gases by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, N2 sorption measurement and FT-IR spectroscopy. The results indicate that strong chemical bonds exist between the MOF and GO as a result of the coordination between the GO oxygen groups and the MOFs’ metallic centers. Depending on the structure of the MOF, such interactions induce the formation of a new pore space in the interface between the carbon layers and the MOF units, which enhances the physical adsorption capacity of the toxic gases. When unsaturated metallic sites are present in the MOFs, the target gases are also adsorbed via coordination to these centers. Further reaction with the framework leads to the formation of complexes. This is accompanied by the collapse of the MOF structure.
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