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Issue 15, 2012
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Water-soluble Fe3O4nanoparticles with high solubility for removal of heavy-metal ions from waste water

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Abstract

In this contribution, we synthesized water-soluble Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) with sufficiently high solubility (28 mg mL−1) and stability (at least one month) through a hydrothermal approach, and found that they exhibited excellent removal ability for heavy-metal ions from waste water. For the first time, the water-soluble Fe3O4 NPs were used as adsorbents for heavy-metals removal from wastewater. It is noteworthy that the adsorption ability of the water-soluble Fe3O4 NPs for Pb2+ and Cr6+ is stronger than water-insoluble Fe3O4 NPs. Furthermore, the water-soluble Fe3O4 NPs exhibited relatively high saturation magnetization (83.4 emu g−1), which allowed their highly-efficient magnetic separation from wastewater. The most important thing is that the water-soluble magnetite as an adsorbent can directly dissolve in water without the help of mechanical stirring or any extraneous forces, which may solve a key problem for the practical application of magnetic powders in the field of sewage purification. Moreover, the water-soluble Fe3O4 NPs show a highly-efficient adsorption capacity for 10 ppm of Pb2+ ions solution which can reach 90% within 2 minutes.

Graphical abstract: Water-soluble Fe3O4 nanoparticles with high solubility for removal of heavy-metal ions from waste water

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2011, accepted on 06 Jan 2012 and first published on 22 Feb 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT11827K
Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 4544-4551

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    Water-soluble Fe3O4 nanoparticles with high solubility for removal of heavy-metal ions from waste water

    L. Wang, J. Li, Q. Jiang and L. Zhao, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 4544
    DOI: 10.1039/C2DT11827K

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