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Issue 1, 2012
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Facile in situ synthesis of nanofluids based on ionic liquids and copper oxide clusters and nanoparticles

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Abstract

Two stable nanofluids comprising of mixed valent copper(I,II) oxide clusters (<1 nm) suspended in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, [C4mim][OAc], and copper(II) oxide nanoparticles (<50 nm) suspended in trioctyl(dodecyl)phosphonium acetate, [P8 8 8 12][OAc], were synthesised in a facile one-pot reaction from solutions of copper(II) acetate hydrate in the corresponding ionic liquids. Formation of the nanostructures was studied using 13C NMR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). From a solution of Cu(OAc)2 in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, [C2mim][OAc], crystals were obtained that revealed the structure of [C2mim][Cu3(OAc)5(OH)2(H2O)]·H2O, indicating the formation of copper hydroxo-clusters in the course of the reaction. Synthesised nanostructures were studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Physical properties of the prepared IL-nanofluids were examined using IR and UV-VIS spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and densitometry.

Graphical abstract: Facile in situ synthesis of nanofluids based on ionic liquids and copper oxide clusters and nanoparticles

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Aug 2011
Accepted
04 Oct 2011
First published
18 Nov 2011

This article is Open Access

Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 219-227
Article type
Paper

Facile in situ synthesis of nanofluids based on ionic liquids and copper oxide clusters and nanoparticles

M. Swadźba-Kwaśny, L. Chancelier, S. Ng, H. G. Manyar, C. Hardacre and P. Nockemann, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 219
DOI: 10.1039/C1DT11578B

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