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Issue 18, 2012
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Covalent organic frameworks

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Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are a class of crystalline porous polymers that allow the atomically precise integration of organic units to create predesigned skeletons and nanopores. They have recently emerged as a new molecular platform for designing promising organic materials for gas storage, catalysis, and optoelectronic applications. The reversibility of dynamic covalent reactions, diversity of building blocks, and geometry retention are three key factors involved in the reticular design and synthesis of COFs. This tutorial review describes the basic design concepts, the recent synthetic advancements and structural studies, and the frontiers of functional exploration.

Graphical abstract: Covalent organic frameworks

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Article information

23 Apr 2012
First published
23 Jul 2012

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 6010-6022
Article type
Tutorial Review

Covalent organic frameworks

X. Feng, X. Ding and D. Jiang, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 6010
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35157A

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