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Issue 4, 2012
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Continuous reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide: problems, solutions and possible ways forward

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Abstract

This Tutorial Review focuses on supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2), and discusses some of the problems that have frustrated its wide use on an industrial scale. It gives some recent examples where strategies have been developed to reduce the energy requirements, including sequential reactions and gas-expanded liquids. It then describes a number of cases where scCO2 offers real chemical advantages over more conventional solvents, for example by controlled phase separation, tunable selectivity, oxidation and on-line analysis and self-optimisation. Overall, this review indicates where scCO2 could deliver value in the future.

Graphical abstract: Continuous reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide: problems, solutions and possible ways forward

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Article information


Submitted
18 Nov 2011
First published
16 Jan 2012

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 1428-1436
Article type
Tutorial Review

Continuous reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide: problems, solutions and possible ways forward

X. Han and M. Poliakoff, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 1428
DOI: 10.1039/C2CS15314A

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