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Issue 6, 2012
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Square planar coordinate iron oxides

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We will provide an overview of the synthesis, structures, chemical and physical properties of novel iron oxides bearing FeO4 square planar coordination, such as SrFeO2 and Sr3Fe2O5. The preparation of these materials relies on topotactic low-temperature reduction using metal hydrides. For instance, a simple 3D perovskite structure SrFeO3 converts to a 2D structure SrFeO2viaSrFeO2.5. SrFeO2 shows a remarkable stability against temperature and chemical substitution (for both A- and B-sites) and also tolerates distortions of square planes toward tetrahedra to adapt different A sites. Such structural stability and flexibility arise from strong covalent interactions not only through the in-plane Fe–O–Fe superexchange interactions but also through the out-of-plane Fe–Fe direct exchange interactions, and explains why SrFeO2 exhibits magnetic order far beyond room temperature. The application of pressure on SrFeO2 and Sr3Fe2O5 further enhances the Fe–Fe direct exchange interactions and eventually induces striking transitions at around 34 GPa: spin-state transition from S = 2 to S = 1, insulator-to-metal transition, and antiferro-to-ferromagnetic transition. The high mobility of oxide ions at relatively low temperatures, during the reduction and reoxidation reaction process would offer an important challenge to tailor and design new solid oxide fuel cells/membranes toward lowering working temperatures.

Graphical abstract: Square planar coordinate iron oxides

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The article was received on 12 Aug 2011 and first published on 16 Nov 2011

Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C1CS15218A
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012,41, 2025-2035

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    Square planar coordinate iron oxides

    C. Tassel and H. Kageyama, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 2025
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CS15218A

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