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Issue 40, 2012

Kinetics and mechanism of the reaction of OH with the trimethylbenzenes – experimental evidence for the formation of adduct isomers

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Abstract

The reversible gas-phase addition of OH radicals to the trimethylbenzenes was investigated in pulsed experiments utilizing VUV flash-photolysis resonance-fluorescence of H2O in the temperature range of 275–340 K. Triexponential OH decays were observed in the presence of the trimethylbenzenes, indicating the participation of more than one adduct species. Analytical solutions for the system of differential equations with two adduct isomers were derived, and the OH decay curves were evaluated based on this reaction model. This led to significant improvements of fit qualities and notable changes in OH rate constants compared to a previous model with a single adduct species. The detailed analysis was confined to 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene where reversible formation of two OH-aromatic ortho- and ipso-adduct isomers is feasible in accordance with the extended reaction model. Only after inclusion of additional isomerization reactions, consistent thermochemical data were obtained from the fitted rate constants. Reaction enthalpies of −83 ± 7 kJ mol−1 and −35 ± 22 kJ mol−1 were derived for the formation of one adduct isomer and the isomerization into the other, respectively. Based on literature data, the more and less stable adducts were assigned to ipso- and ortho-adduct isomers, respectively. The potential isomerization precluded the determination of primary yields of adduct isomers but formation of the ipso-adduct in any case is a minor process. For the rate constants of the OH + 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene reaction an Arrhenius expression kOH = 1.32 × 10−11 cm3 s−1 exp(450 ± 50 K/T) was obtained. Based on the same approach, the rate constants of the OH reactions with 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene were derived as kOH = 3.61 × 10−12 cm3 s−1 exp(620 ± 80 K/T) and kOH = 2.73 × 10−12 cm3 s−1 exp(730 ± 70 K/T), respectively.

Graphical abstract: Kinetics and mechanism of the reaction of OH with the trimethylbenzenes – experimental evidence for the formation of adduct isomers

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
17 Jul 2012
Accepted
15 Aug 2012
First published
16 Aug 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 13933-13948
Article type
Paper

Kinetics and mechanism of the reaction of OH with the trimethylbenzenes – experimental evidence for the formation of adduct isomers

B. Bohn and C. Zetzsch, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 13933 DOI: 10.1039/C2CP42434G

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