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Issue 45, 2012
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Cross-talk between amino acid residues and flavonoid derivatives: insights into their chemical recognition

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Abstract

Currently, there is a general consensus that flavonoids exert their antioxidant activity through their ability to interact with a broad range of proteins, enzymes and transcription factors rather than acting as conventional hydrogen-donating antioxidants. For this, the effect of different chemical groups of the conjugated flavonoid metabolites is apparently playing a pivotal role. Yet, many questions concerning the relevant molecular mechanisms still remain open. It is therefore crucial to gain a deeper insight into the amino acid residue–flavonoid interaction. Here we show extensive theoretical thermodynamic data and structural characteristics of the interaction of chalcone, genistein, epigallocatechin gallate, and quercetin and some of its metabolites with amino acid residues. By correlating (a) the binding energies of flavonoids–amino acid residues, (b) the hydrophobicity of amino acids, and (c) the abundance of amino acid residues in the binding sites of proteins, we can conclude that flavonoids appear to be strongly bonded to only few charged hydrophilic amino acids in the protein pockets, and rather weakly bonded to the majority of amino acid residues in the binding sites. This finding strongly impacts the understanding of the chemical recognition of flavonoids and their metabolites in their interaction with proteins and would contribute to a better design of further experimental studies. Particularly, the amino acids Phe, Leu, Ile and Trp seem to play a crucial role in the dynamics of flavonoid ligands in the binding sites of proteins.

Graphical abstract: Cross-talk between amino acid residues and flavonoid derivatives: insights into their chemical recognition

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jun 2012, accepted on 03 Oct 2012 and first published on 03 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP42174G
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 15682-15692

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    Cross-talk between amino acid residues and flavonoid derivatives: insights into their chemical recognition

    A. Daniel Boese and E. Codorniu-Hernández, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 15682
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CP42174G

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