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Issue 9, 2012
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Size resolved infrared spectroscopy of Na(CH3OH)n (n = 4–7) clusters in the OH stretching region: unravelling the interaction of methanol clusters with a sodium atom and the emergence of the solvated electron

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Abstract

Size resolved IR action spectra of neutral sodium doped methanol clusters have been measured using IR excitation modulated photoionisation mass spectroscopy. The Na(CH3OH)n clusters were generated in a supersonic He seeded expansion of methanol by subsequent Na doping in a pick-up cell. A combined analysis of IR action spectra, IP evolutions and harmonic predictions of IR spectra (using density functional theory) of the most stable structures revealed that for n = 4, 5 structures with an exterior Na atom showing high ionisation potentials (IPs) of ∼4 eV dominate, while for n = 6, 7 clusters with lower IPs (∼3.2 eV) featuring fully solvated Na atoms and solvated electrons emerge and dominate the IR action spectra. For n = 4 simulations of photoionisation spectra using an ab initio MD approach confirm the dominance of exterior structures and explain the previously reported appearance IP of 3.48 eV by small fractions of clusters with partly solvated Na atoms. Only for this cluster size a shift in the isomer composition with cluster temperature has been observed, which may be related to kinetic stabilisation of less Na solvated clusters at low temperatures. Features of slow fragmentation dynamics of cationic Na+(CH3OH)6 clusters have been observed for the photoionisation near the adiabatic limit. This finding points to the relevance of previously proposed non-vertical photoionisation dynamics of this system.

Graphical abstract: Size resolved infrared spectroscopy of Na(CH3OH)n (n = 4–7) clusters in the OH stretching region: unravelling the interaction of methanol clusters with a sodium atom and the emergence of the solvated electron

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 Oct 2011
Accepted
14 Dec 2011
First published
15 Dec 2011

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 3004-3016
Article type
Paper

Size resolved infrared spectroscopy of Na(CH3OH)n (n = 4–7) clusters in the OH stretching region: unravelling the interaction of methanol clusters with a sodium atom and the emergence of the solvated electron

R. M. Forck, C. C. Pradzynski, S. Wolff, M. Ončák, P. Slavíček and T. Zeuch, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 3004
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP23301K

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