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Issue 15, 2013
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Towards low-cost flexible substrates for nanoplasmonic sensing

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Abstract

Plasmonic nanostructures have played a significant role in the field of nanotechnology due to their unprecedented ability to concentrate light at the nanometre scale, which renders them precious for various sensing applications. The adsorption of plasmonic nanoparticles and nanostructures onto solid substrates in a controlled manner is a crucial process for the fabrication of nanoplasmonic devices, in which the nanoparticles amplify the electromagnetic fields for enhanced device performance. In this perspective article we summarize recent developments in the fabrication of flexible nanoplasmonic devices for sensing applications based on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) shifts. We introduce different types of flexible substrates such as filter paper, free-standing nanofibres, elastomers, plastics, carbon nanotubes and graphene, for the fabrication of low-cost flexible nanoplasmonic devices. Various techniques are described that allow impregnation of such flexible substrates with plasmonic nanoparticles, including solution processes, physical vapour deposition and lithographic techniques. From the discussion in this Perspective, it is clear that highly sensitive and reproducible flexible plasmonic devices can currently be fabricated on a large scale at relatively low-cost, toward real-world applications in diagnostics and detection.

Graphical abstract: Towards low-cost flexible substrates for nanoplasmonic sensing

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Article information


Submitted
15 Oct 2012
Accepted
11 Dec 2012
First published
11 Dec 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 5288-5300
Article type
Perspective

Towards low-cost flexible substrates for nanoplasmonic sensing

L. Polavarapu and L. M. Liz-Marzán, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 5288
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP43642F

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