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Issue 37, 2012
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Substitution effects on the absorption spectra of nitrophenolate isomers

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Abstract

Charge-transfer excitations highly depend on the electronic coupling between the donor and acceptor groups. Nitrophenolates are simple examples of charge-transfer systems where the degree of coupling differs between ortho, meta and para isomers. Here we report the absorption spectra of the isolated anions in vacuo to avoid the complications of solvent effects. Gas-phase action spectroscopy was done with two different setups, an electrostatic ion storage ring and an accelerator mass spectrometer. The results are interpreted on the basis of CC2 quantum chemical calculations. We identified absorption maxima at 393, 532, and 399 nm for the para, meta, and ortho isomer, respectively, with the charge-transfer transition into the lowest excited singlet state. In the meta isomer, this π–π* transition is strongly redshifted and its oscillator strength reduced, which is related to the pronounced charge-transfer character, as a consequence of the topology of the conjugated π-system. Each isomer's different charge distribution in the ground state leads to a very different solvent shift, which in acetonitrile is bathochromic for the para and ortho, but hypsochromic for the meta isomer.

Graphical abstract: Substitution effects on the absorption spectra of nitrophenolate isomers

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Article information


Submitted
20 May 2012
Accepted
17 Jul 2012
First published
17 Jul 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 12905-12911
Article type
Paper

Substitution effects on the absorption spectra of nitrophenolate isomers

M. Wanko, J. Houmøller, K. Støchkel, M. Suhr Kirketerp, M. Å. Petersen, M. B. Nielsen, S. B. Nielsen and A. Rubio, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 12905
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP41636K

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