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Issue 29, 2012
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Solvation and ion-pairing properties of the aqueous sulfate anion: explicit versus effective electronic polarization

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Abstract

We assessed the relative merits of two approaches for including polarization effects in classical force fields for the sulfate anion. One of the approaches is the explicit shell model for atomic polarization and the other is an implicit dielectric continuum representation of the electronic polarization, wherein the polarizability density is spatially uniform. Both the solvation and ion association properties of sulfate were considered. We carried out an ab initio molecular dynamics simulation for a single sulfate anion in aqueous solution to obtain a benchmark for the solvation structure. For the ion-pairing properties, the models were compared to experimental thermodynamic data through Kirkwood–Buff theory, which relates the integrals of the pair correlation functions to measurable properties. While deficiencies were found for both of the approaches, the continuum polarization model was not systematically worse than the shell model. The shell model was found to give a more structured solution than the continuum polarization model, both with respect to solvation and ion pairing.

Graphical abstract: Solvation and ion-pairing properties of the aqueous sulfate anion: explicit versus effective electronic polarization

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Article information


Submitted
06 Mar 2012
Accepted
15 May 2012
First published
25 Jun 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 10248-10257
Article type
Paper

Solvation and ion-pairing properties of the aqueous sulfate anion: explicit versus effective electronic polarization

L. Pegado, O. Marsalek, P. Jungwirth and E. Wernersson, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 10248
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40711F

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