A solid-state CdSe quantum dot sensitized solar cell based on a quaterthiophene as a hole transporting material†
A hybrid quantum dot sensitized solar cell (QDSC) composed of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) as light harvesters and TiO2 and 3,3′′′-didodecyl-quaterthiophene (QT12) as electron and hole conductors, respectively, has been fully processed in air. The sensitizer has been introduced into the TiO2 nanoporous layer either by the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method or by attaching colloidal QDs either directly or through molecular cables (linkers). As previously observed for QDSCs based on liquid electrolytes, the efficiency depends on the way of QD attachment, the direct adsorption of QDs being the procedure yielding the best results. Thermal annealing was applied in order to enhance the device response under illumination. Remarkable open circuit potentials are attained (close to 1 V), leading to an efficiency of 0.34% (AM 1.5G) in initial tests. Although low, it ranks as one of the highest values reported for solid state QDSCs based on titanium dioxide and colloidal quantum dots.