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Issue 1, 2012
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Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; energy fuel for the future

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Abstract

This communication reports for the first time the direct utilisation of urine in MFCs for the production of electricity. Different conversion efficiencies were recorded, depending on the amount treated. Elements such as N, P, K can be locked into new biomass, thus removed from solution, resulting in recycling without environmental pollution.

Graphical abstract: Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; energy fuel for the future

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Article information


Submitted
25 Jul 2011
Accepted
17 Oct 2011
First published
19 Oct 2011

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 94-98
Article type
Communication

Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; energy fuel for the future

I. Ieropoulos, J. Greenman and C. Melhuish, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 94
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP23213D

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