Synthesis of ZnO/CdS hierarchical heterostructure with enhanced photocatalytic efficiency under nature sunlight
Hierarchical ZnO composed of ultrathin nanosheets as secondary structures were fabricated through a hydrothermal method. Afterwards, hexagonal wurtzite CdS with diameter between 50–100 nm were incorporated on the wurtzite ZnO sheets with the assistance of ultrasonic irradiation. The hybrid ZnO/CdS samples were intensively investigated by SEM, TEM, HRTEM, XRD, XPS, PL and the UV-Vis absorption spectrum. The photocatalytic trials confirmed that the ZnO/CdS hierarchical heterostructures exhibit improved degradation efficiency compared to pure ZnO sample under natural sunlight. CdS nanoparticles are believed to serve as photo-sensitizers to extend the absorption spectrum to the visible region and the loading amount was also found to play a crucial role in influencing the degradation efficiency. Moreover, the photodegradation kinetics of RhB via using CdS/ZnO as photocatalysts were also systematically discussed. Finally, a mechanism based on this band-gap alignment was proposed to elucidate the efficiency enhancement of the hybrid photocatalysts.