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Issue 2, 2012
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Determination of elements in situ in green leaves by laser ablation ICP-MS using pressed reference materials for calibration

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Abstract

Laser ablation (LA) was used with double focusing sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for direct elemental analysis of green leaves from seven species of desert plants. Pressed leaf standards (n = 7) were used as matrix matched standards for calibration and quality assurance. Nine elements (Mg, Ca, Mn, Cu, Sr, Cd, Ba, Hg and Pb) were determined in low mass resolution (m/Δm ≈ 400). Data was collected for three ablation line scans starting from near the stem to the tip of the leaf. The 213 nm laser ablation system was operated at the full energy setting (100%), with a repetition rate of 20 Hz, a spot size of 100 μm, and a scan rate of 50 μm min−1. Pressed cellulose was used for estimating detection limits, which were found to vary between 0.04 and 26 μg g−1 for Pb and Ca, respectively. Results suggest that the calibration approach is feasible for some elements (Mg, Ca, Mn, Cu, Sr, Cd, Ba) but problematic for others (Pb, Hg). Although somewhat element dependent, desert willow, autumn sage and brittle bush tended to have the highest concentrations of the elements monitored. Overall, LA-ICP-MS is a useful method for quantifying (in situ) the distribution of many elements in plant leaves.

Graphical abstract: Determination of elements in situ in green leaves by laser ablation ICP-MS using pressed reference materials for calibration

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Sep 2011, accepted on 07 Nov 2011 and first published on 06 Dec 2011


Article type: Technical Note
DOI: 10.1039/C1AY05577A
Anal. Methods, 2012,4, 564-569

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    Determination of elements in situ in green leaves by laser ablation ICP-MS using pressed reference materials for calibration

    J. Cizdziel, K. Bu and P. Nowinski, Anal. Methods, 2012, 4, 564
    DOI: 10.1039/C1AY05577A

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