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Issue 28, 2011
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Nanographite/polyaniline composite films as the counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

Nanographite/polyaniline (NG/PANI) composite films were developed and characterized, and the performances of the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) employing these composite films as the counter electrode (CE) were evaluated in this study. The nanographite/aniline (NG/ANI) particle was firstly synthesized by a reflux method and served as the monomer for the electro-polymerization of the NG/PANI composite films. The surface modification of NG by ANI was confirmed by EDX mapping, TEM image, zeta-potential, and UV-Vis absorption measurements. The electro-polymerized NG/PANI composite films were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, XPS, and conducting-AFM, which verified the successful incorporation of NGs in the PANI films. The electro-catalytic activity of the NG/PANI composite film was evaluated using the positive-feedback mode of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), by which a comparable heterogeneous rate constant (ks0) for the ferrocene/ferrocenium (Fc/Fc+) redox pair was obtained and compared with that of a sputtered Pt. The DSSC employing the NG/PANI (20 mC cm−2) CE exhibited a higher short-circuit current density (JSC) but lower fill factor (FF), and gave a comparable power-conversion efficiency (η) of 7.07%, as compared to that of a DSSC containing a sputtered Pt CE (η = 7.19%).

Graphical abstract: Nanographite/polyaniline composite films as the counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
08 Feb 2011
Accepted
09 Mar 2011
First published
08 Jun 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 10384-10389
Article type
Paper

Nanographite/polyaniline composite films as the counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells

K. Huang, J. Huang, C. Wu, C. Liu, H. Chen, C. Chu, J. Lin, C. Lin and K. Ho, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 10384
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM10576K

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