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Issue 22, 2011
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Spherical polypyrrolenanoparticles as a highly efficient counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

Discrete spherical polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles with a uniform diameter of ∼85 nm and electrical conductivity of ∼10 S cm−1 were fabricated by chemical oxidative polymerization within micelles composed of myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (MTAB) and decyl alcohol as the nanoreactors. A methanol-based colloidal dispersion containing 5 wt% PPy was dropcast directly onto fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass to use as counter electrodes (CEs) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The surface resistivity of the PPy layer on the FTO glass decreased from 624 to 387 Ω sq−1 after post-doping with concentrated HCl vapor for 1 min. The DSSCs made of PPy/FTO and HCl-doped PPy/FTO CEs exhibited power conversion efficiencies of ∼5.28 and ∼6.83%, respectively under standard AM 1.5 sunlight illumination. The post-doped and highly oxidized PPy allowed the electrons to move into the PPy layer readily and facilitated the electrocatalytic reaction of the I3/I redox couple, giving enhanced cell performance. Moreover, the cell efficiency was enhanced to ∼7.73% with further fine tuning of the electrolyte composition, which is comparable to the value (∼8.2%) using conventional Pt CEs.

Graphical abstract: Spherical polypyrrole nanoparticles as a highly efficient counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

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Article information


Submitted
08 Jan 2011
Accepted
25 Mar 2011
First published
27 Apr 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 8146-8151
Article type
Paper

Spherical polypyrrole nanoparticles as a highly efficient counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

S. S. Jeon, C. Kim, J. Ko and S. S. Im, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 8146
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM10112A

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