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Issue 1, 2011
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Polystyrene sphere-assisted one-dimensional nanostructure arrays: synthesis and applications

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Abstract

Polystyrene (PS) spheres can self-assemble into colloidal crystal monolayers that are currently employed for template-assisted synthesis of one-dimensional (nanopillars, nanorods, nanowires and nanotubes) nanostructure arrays. Compared to other classes of templates, PS-sphere monolayers can be easily formed and adjusted on substrates, and further manipulated using subsequent growth methods. Recently, several synthetic techniques have been developed and resulted in increased number of publications. Many applications including field-emitters, antireflection, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), photonic crystals, surface wetting, and photocatalysis have been reported utilizing these PS-sphere mediated nanoarrays. In this feature article, these synthetic strategies are highlighted along with a review of the applications emerging from current PS-sphere assisted nanoarrays and future challenges are analyzed.

Graphical abstract: Polystyrene sphere-assisted one-dimensional nanostructure arrays: synthesis and applications

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Article information


Submitted
12 Jul 2010
Accepted
26 Aug 2010
First published
13 Oct 2010

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 40-56
Article type
Feature Article

Polystyrene sphere-assisted one-dimensional nanostructure arrays: synthesis and applications

L. Li, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Fang, Y. Bando and D. Golberg, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 40
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM02230F

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