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Issue 4, 2011
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A critical assessment of the greenness and energy efficiency of microwave-assisted organic synthesis

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Abstract

The question “why should microwave chemistry be green?” is evaluated in the context of the twelve principles of green chemistry, with a focus on the 6th principle: design for energy efficiency. A significant number of publications on microwave-assisted organic transformations during the past 25 years describe this non-classical heating technology as being “green”, assuming that microwave dielectric heating is more energy efficient than classical conductive heat transfer methods. In this Perspective article, we critically assess the energy efficiency of microwave-assisted transformations in the context of scaling-up this technology to production quantities.

Graphical abstract: A critical assessment of the greenness and energy efficiency of microwave-assisted organic synthesis

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Article information


Submitted
17 Nov 2010
Accepted
07 Jan 2011
First published
15 Feb 2011

Green Chem., 2011,13, 794-806
Article type
Perspective

A critical assessment of the greenness and energy efficiency of microwave-assisted organic synthesis

J. D. Moseley and C. O. Kappe, Green Chem., 2011, 13, 794
DOI: 10.1039/C0GC00823K

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