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Issue 2, 2011
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A review of the development of nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts for oxygen reduction at USC

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Abstract

In this review, the development of non-precious nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is described, mainly focusing on our research at the University of South Carolina (USC). Metal-free; metal-containing; and template-assisted metal-containing, nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts were developed in our group in the past few years. From the characterization and analysis of the synthesized nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts, we proposed our viewpoints on the nature of the ORR active sites and performance degradation mechanisms of this type of non-precious metal catalysts. Suggested research and development directions for non-precious nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts were also discussed.

Graphical abstract: A review of the development of nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts for oxygen reduction at USC

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Article information


Submitted
18 Nov 2010
Accepted
14 Jan 2011
First published
14 Feb 2011

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2011,1, 207-217
Article type
Minireview

A review of the development of nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts for oxygen reduction at USC

G. Liu, X. Li, J. Lee and B. N. Popov, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2011, 1, 207
DOI: 10.1039/C0CY00053A

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