Complexes of dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB18C6, host) with water, ammonia, methanol, and acetylene (guest) in supersonic jets have been characterized by laser induced fluorescence (LIF), UV-UV hole-burning (UV-UV HB), and IR-UV double resonance (IR-UV DR) spectroscopy. Firstly, we reinvestigated the conformation of bare DB18C6 (species m1 and m2) and the structure of DB18C6–H2O (species a) [R. Kusaka, Y. Inokuchi, T. Ebata, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2008, 10, 6238] by measuring IR-UV DR spectra in the region of the methylene CH stretching vibrations. The IR spectral feature of the methylene CH stretch of DB18C6–H2O is clearly different from those of bare DB18C6 conformers, suggesting that DB18C6 changes its conformation when forming a complex with a water molecule. With the aid of Monte Carlo simulation for extensive conformational search and density functional calculations (M05-2X/6-31+G*), we reassigned species m1 and m2 to conformers having C1 and C2 symmetry, respectively. Also, we confirmed the DB18C6 part in species a of DB18C6–H2O to be “boat” conformation (C2v). Secondly, we identified nine, one, and two species for the DB18C6 complexes with ammonia, methanol, and acetylene, respectively, by the combination of LIF and UV-UV HB spectroscopy. From the IR spectroscopic measurement in the methylene CH stretching region, a similar conformational change was identified in the DB18C6–ammonia complexes, but not in the complexes with methanol or acetylene. The structures of all the complexes were determined by analyzing the electronic transition energies, exciton splitting, and IR spectra in the region of the OH, NH, and CH stretching vibrations. In DB18C6–ammonia complexes, an ammonia molecule is incorporated into the cavity of the boat conformation by forming “bifurcated” and “bidentate” hydrogen-bond (H-bond), similar to the case of the DB18C6–H2O complex. On the other hand, in the DB18C6–methanol and –acetylene complexes, methanol and acetylene molecules are simply attached to the C1 and C2 conformations, respectively. From the difference of the DB18C6 conformations depending on the type of the guest molecules, it is concluded that DB18C6 distinguishes water and ammonia from methanol and acetylene when it forms complexes, depending on whether guest molecules have an ability to form bidentate H-bonding.