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Issue 6, 2011
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Molecular dynamics simulation of NMR powder lineshapes of linear guests in structure I clathrate hydrates

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Abstract

We perform molecular dynamics simulations (up to 6 ns) for the structure I clathrate hydrates of linear molecules CS, CS2, OCS, and C2H2 in large cages at different temperatures in the stability range to determine the angular distribution and dynamics of the guests in the large cages. The long axes of linear guest molecules in the oblate large structure I clathrate hydrate cages are primarily confined near the equatorial plane of the cage rather than axial regions. This non-uniform spatial distribution leads to well-known anisotropic lineshapes in the solid-state NMR spectra of the guest species. We use the dynamic distribution of guest orientations in the cages during the MD simulations at different temperatures to predict the 13C NMR powder lineshapes of the guests in the large cages. The length of the guests and intermolecular interactions of the guests in the water cages determine the angular distribution and the mobility of the guests in the sI large cages at different temperatures. At low temperatures the range of motion of the guests in the cages are limited and this is reflected in the skew of the predicted 13C lineshapes. As the guest molecules reach the fast motion limit at higher temperatures, the lineshapes for CS, OCS, and C2H2 are predicted to have the “standard” powder lineshapes of guest molecules.

Graphical abstract: Molecular dynamics simulation of NMR powder lineshapes of linear guests in structure I clathrate hydrates

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Article information


Submitted
12 Feb 2010
Accepted
18 Oct 2010
First published
16 Nov 2010

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 2367-2377
Article type
Paper

Molecular dynamics simulation of NMR powder lineshapes of linear guests in structure I clathrate hydrates

H. Mohammadi-Manesh, S. Alavi, T. K. Woo and B. Najafi, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 2367
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01920H

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