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Issue 4, 2011
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Simultaneous determination of psychoactive substances and their metabolites in aqueous matrices by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

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Abstract

An analytical method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of six psychoactive compounds (meprobamate, primidone, phenobarbital, pyrithyldione, diazepam, and oxazepam) and a metabolite of primidone (phenylethylmalonamide) in environmental water samples. The method involves pre-concentration and clean-up by solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS), using electrospray ionization (ESI) in both positive and negative modes. Limits of quantification (LOQs) were between 0.02 and 0.03 µg L−1 in groundwater and between 0.1 and 0.15 µg L−1 in wastewater. With a few exceptions, relative recoveries of the analytes exceeded 80%. The described method was used to analyze the selected psychoactive drugs in groundwater that had been affected by sewage irrigation for several decades ago and treated and untreated wastewater from Berlin (Germany). Highest values were found in groundwater with concentrations reaching up to 1.35 µg L−1 in the case of phenobarbital.

Graphical abstract: Simultaneous determination of psychoactive substances and their metabolites in aqueous matrices by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Nov 2010, accepted on 20 Jan 2011 and first published on 17 Feb 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0AY00696C
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2011,3, 902-910
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    Simultaneous determination of psychoactive substances and their metabolites in aqueous matrices by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

    U. Hass, U. Dünnbier, G. Massmann and A. Pekdeger, Anal. Methods, 2011, 3, 902
    DOI: 10.1039/C0AY00696C

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