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Issue 20, 2011
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In vivo diagnosis of cervical precancer using Raman spectroscopy and genetic algorithm techniques

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of applying near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy and genetic algorithm-partial least squares-discriminant analysis (GA-PLS-DA) to identify biomolecular changes of cervical tissues associated with dysplastic transformation during colposcopic examination. A total of 105 in vivoRaman spectra were measured from 57 cervical sites (35 normal and 22 precancer sites) of 29 patients recruited, in which 65 spectra were from normal sites, while 40 spectra were from cervical precancerous lesions (i.e., 7 low-grade CIN and 33 high-grade CIN). The GA feature selection technique incorporated with PLS was utilized to study the significant biochemical Raman bands for differentiation between normal and precancer cervical tissues. The GA-PLS-DA algorithm with double cross-validation (dCV) identified seven diagnostically significant Raman bands in the ranges of 925–935, 979–999, 1080–1090, 1240–1260, 1320–1340, 1400–1420, and 1625–1645 cm−1 related to proteins, nucleic acids and lipids in tissue, and yielded a diagnostic accuracy of 82.9% (sensitivity of 72.5% (29/40) and specificity of 89.2% (58/65)) for precancer detection. The results of this exploratory study suggest that Raman spectroscopy in conjunction with GA-PLS-DA and dCV methods has the potential to provide clinically significant discrimination between normal and precancer cervical tissues at the molecular level.

Graphical abstract: In vivo diagnosis of cervical precancer using Raman spectroscopy and genetic algorithm techniques

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Article information


Submitted
11 Apr 2011
Accepted
28 Jul 2011
First published
25 Aug 2011

Analyst, 2011,136, 4328-4336
Article type
Paper

In vivo diagnosis of cervical precancer using Raman spectroscopy and genetic algorithm techniques

S. Duraipandian, W. Zheng, J. Ng, J. J. H. Low, A. Ilancheran and Z. Huang, Analyst, 2011, 136, 4328
DOI: 10.1039/C1AN15296C

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