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Issue 13, 2011
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Determination of dissolved zinc in seawater using micro-Sequential Injection lab-on-valve with fluorescence detection

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Abstract

This paper introduces the preliminary design and optimization of a micro-Sequential Injection lab-on-valve system (μSI-LOV) with fluorescence detection for the direct determination of trace Zn2+ in an unacidified seawater matrix. The method capitalizes on the sensitivity and selectivity of FluoZin-3, which was originally designed to measure zinc in living cells. The optimum reaction conditions, sources of blank signal and physical parameters of the μSIA-LOV are evaluated with the requirements of trace metal analysis in mind, namely high sensitivity and low background signals. A detailed investigation of the effect of sample and reagent sequencing on sensitivity is presented for the first time using μSIA-LOV. We find that the order of sequencing greatly influences peak shape and analytical sensitivity with the highest and smoothest peaks obtained when a large volume of sample (75 μL) is aspirated last in the sequence prior to flow reversal and detection. The optimized reaction conditions and reagent/sample sequencing protocol yield a detection limit of 0.3 nM Zn2+, high precision (RSD < 2.5%), a linear quantification range up to 40 nM and an analytical cycle of ∼1 min per sample. This work demonstrates that μSI-LOV is capable of attaining detection limits that are close to those needed for open ocean determinations of Zn2+ without preconcentration or separation of the analyte from the seawater matrix. The low reagent consumption (50 μL per sample), full automation and minimal maintenance requirements of μSI-LOV make it well suited for shipboard analysis and, eventually, for development to meet the pressing need for trace element measurements in unattended locations.

Graphical abstract: Determination of dissolved zinc in seawater using micro-Sequential Injection lab-on-valve with fluorescence detection

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
12 Jan 2011
Accepted
21 Mar 2011
First published
18 May 2011

Analyst, 2011,136, 2747-2755
Article type
Paper

Determination of dissolved zinc in seawater using micro-Sequential Injection lab-on-valve with fluorescence detection

M. Grand, H. M. Oliveira, J. Ruzicka and C. Measures, Analyst, 2011, 136, 2747
DOI: 10.1039/C1AN15033B

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