Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 21, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Hydrogel-driven carbon nanotube microtransducers

Author affiliations


We demonstrate the fabrication and integration of active microstructures based on composites of 3D carbon nanotube (CNT) frameworks and hydrogels. The alignment of the CNTs within the microstructures converts the isotropic expansion of the gel into a directed anisotropic motion. Actuation by a moisture-responsive gel is observed by changing the ambient humidity, and is predicted by a finite element model of the composite system. These shape changes are rapid and can be transduced electrically within a microfluidic channel, by measuring the resistance change across a CNT microstructure during expansion of the gel. Our results suggest that combinations of gels with aligned CNTs can be a platform for directing the actuation of gels and measuring their response to stimuli.

Graphical abstract: Hydrogel-driven carbon nanotube microtransducers

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jun 2011, accepted on 05 Aug 2011 and first published on 23 Aug 2011

Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C1SM06215H
Soft Matter, 2011,7, 9844-9847

  •   Request permissions

    Hydrogel-driven carbon nanotube microtransducers

    M. De Volder, S. H. Tawfick, D. Copic and A. J. Hart, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 9844
    DOI: 10.1039/C1SM06215H

Search articles by author