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Issue 21, 2011

Lubrication in soft rough contacts: A novel homogenized approach. Part II - Discussion

Author affiliations

Abstract

In M. Scaraggi, G. Carbone, B. N. J. Persson and D. Dini, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, DOI: 10.1039/c1sm05128h (Ref. 1), we have presented a novel mean field theory of mixed lubrication for soft contacts. This theory has been developed within the framework of homogenization techniques. It is based on a perturbation second order accurate expansion; a rigorous averaging process is applied to obtain the average flow equations without the need of any preliminary fully deterministic calculations of the mixed-lubrication problem. The theory allows to calculate the flow factors and the shear stress factors taking into account the coupled effect of asperity–asperity and asperity–fluid interactions occurring at the interface. In this second paper we present the main results of the theory and we discuss the transition from the boundary lubrication regime, where the normal load is supported through asperity–asperity interactions (sometimes mediated by boundary films), to the hydrodynamic regime, where a thin fluid film prevents the surfaces from being in direct contact. We show that fluid-induced asperities flattening, as well as local percolation effects and roughness anisotropic deformation all occur at the contact interface. Finally we describe the origin of the macroscopic friction laws (the so called Stribeck curves) in terms of local average shear stresses.

Graphical abstract: Lubrication in soft rough contacts: A novel homogenized approach. Part II - Discussion

Article information


Submitted
25 Jan 2011
Accepted
20 Jul 2011
First published
15 Sep 2011

Soft Matter, 2011,7, 10407-10416
Article type
Paper

Lubrication in soft rough contacts: A novel homogenized approach. Part II - Discussion

M. Scaraggi, G. Carbone and D. Dini, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 10407 DOI: 10.1039/C1SM05129F

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