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Issue 10, 2011
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DNA polyfluorophores as highly diverse chemosensors of toxic gases

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Abstract

We describe a new molecular design for sensing toxic gases in air that employs DNA-polyfluorophores as reporters. In these polyfluorophores (ODFs), the DNA backbone is used as a scaffold to arrange several fluorescent aromatic hydrocarbons/heterocycles as DNA base replacements in a photophysically interacting stack. A library of 256 different tetramer ODFs was constructed on PEG-polystyrene beads and tested for optical responses to a set of toxic gases, SO2, H2S, MeSH, NH3, NHMe2, HCl, Cl2, and BF3. A set of 15 responding sequences was resynthesized, characterized, and cross-screened under a microscope against all eight gases at 1000 ppm. Responses were measured by changes in fluorescence wavelength and intensity, which were quantified as Δ(R, G, B, L) data from bead images. The data show a large range of responses, including lighting up, quenching, and color changes; remarkably, some single sensors showed all three types of responses to the varied analytes. Statistical methods were used to identify small sets of only three chemosensors that could be used to distinguish all eight analytes. The results establish that ODFs on surfaces can bind and report on small, simple gas molecules with highly varied responses. The DNA-like structure of the sensor molecules confers a number of potential advantages including simple synthesis, high diversity, and rapid sensor discovery.

Graphical abstract: DNA polyfluorophores as highly diverse chemosensors of toxic gases

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2011, accepted on 23 Jun 2011 and first published on 14 Jul 2011


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00301A
Chem. Sci., 2011,2, 1910-1917

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    DNA polyfluorophores as highly diverse chemosensors of toxic gases

    C. Koo, F. Samain, N. Dai and E. T. Kool, Chem. Sci., 2011, 2, 1910
    DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00301A

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