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Issue 5, 2011
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Magnetite/graphenenanosheet composites: interfacial interaction and its impact on the durable high-rate performance in lithium-ion batteries

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Abstract

We explore in-depth the interfacial interaction between Fe3O4 nanoparticles and graphene nanosheets as well as its impact on the electrochemical performance of Fe3O4/graphene anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Fe3O4/graphene hybrid materials are prepared by direct pyrolysis of Fe(NO3)3·9H2O on graphene sheets. The interfacial interaction between Fe3O4 and graphene nanosheets is investigated in detail by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry analysis, Raman spectrum, X-ray photoelectron energy spectrum and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was found that Fe3O4 nanoparticles disperse homogeneously on graphene sheets, and form strong covalent bond interactions (Fe–O–C bond) with graphene basal plane. The strong covalent links ensure the high specific capacity and long-period cyclic stability of Fe3O4/graphene hybrid electrodes for lithium-ion batteries at high current density. The capacity keeps as high as 796 mAhg−1 after 200 cycles without any fading in comparison with the first reversible capacity at the current density of 500 mAg−1 (ca. 0.6 C). At 1 Ag−1 (ca. 1.3 C), the reversible capacity attains ca. 550 mAhg−1 and 97% of initial capacity is maintained after 300 cycles. This work reveals an important factor affecting the high-rate and cyclic stability of metal oxide anode, and provides an effective way to the design of new anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Magnetite/graphene nanosheet composites: interfacial interaction and its impact on the durable high-rate performance in lithium-ion batteries

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
03 Jul 2011
Accepted
11 Jul 2011
First published
24 Aug 2011

RSC Adv., 2011,1, 782-791
Article type
Paper

Magnetite/graphene nanosheet composites: interfacial interaction and its impact on the durable high-rate performance in lithium-ion batteries

J. Zhou, H. Song, L. Ma and X. Chen, RSC Adv., 2011, 1, 782
DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00402F

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