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Issue 9, 2011
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Electrical, optical, and thermoelectric properties of Ga2O3(ZnO)9

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The physical properties of the sintered sample of Ga2O3(ZnO)9, a member of the homologous series Ga2O3(ZnO)m and recently found to have new structures, were investigated. The material was found to be a new transparent conducting oxide, and is composed of relatively abundant and inexpensive elements compared to indium. The electrical conductivity of a sintered low 57% density sample, 13 S cm−1 as fired at 1723 K, could be varied by postheating in air or a reducing gas (H2 3% : Ar 97%) flow. The changes in conductivity were associated with the variations of absorbance in the visible light range, while the optical band gap, or the absorption edge, was almost unchanged. The thermoelectric properties showed n-type behavior. It was relatively easy to vary the thermoelectric properties through redox treatments, and reversibility was also observed. The maximum figure of merit Z reaches a value of close to 10−4 K−1 at 660 K for a sample with density of only 73%. The potential of Ga2O3(ZnO)9 as a thermoelectric material appears to be similar to or even greater than the related In2O3(ZnO)m system, and since Ga2O3(ZnO)9 has an advantage in the abundance of constituent elements, it is revealed to be a promising system for further investigations.

Graphical abstract: Electrical, optical, and thermoelectric properties of Ga2O3(ZnO)9

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jun 2011, accepted on 05 Sep 2011 and first published on 27 Oct 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00315A
RSC Adv., 2011,1, 1788-1793

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    Electrical, optical, and thermoelectric properties of Ga2O3(ZnO)9

    Y. Michiue, T. Mori, A. Prytuliak, Y. Matsushita, M. Tanaka and N. Kimizuka, RSC Adv., 2011, 1, 1788
    DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00315A

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