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Which CIDE are you on? Apoptosis and energy metabolism

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Abstract

Around 1998, cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor-alpha (DFFA)-like effector (CIDE) proteins including CIDEA, CIDEB and CIDEC/fat specific protein 27 (Fsp27) were first identified by their sequence homology with the N-terminal domain of the DNA fragmentation factor (DFF). Indeed, in vitro analysis revealed that all three CIDE proteins are involved in apoptosis. However, recent gene-targeting studies have provided novel insights into the physiological function of CIDE proteins. Mice deficient in each CIDE protein exhibit lean phenotypes, a reduction of lipid droplet size in white adipose tissue and increased metabolic rate. Thus, all CIDE proteins play an important role in energy metabolism and lipid droplet formation. More recently, a glycoproteomics approach has shown that post-translational regulation of CIDE proteins via glycosylation modulates transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1-dependent apoptosis. Another recent study using mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from CIDEA-deficient mice revealed that 5′AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity is regulated by CIDEA-mediated ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation via a protein interaction with the AMPK beta subunit. Even after a decade of study, the physiological roles of CIDE proteins have still not been completely elucidated. This review aims to shed light on the novel functions of CIDE proteins and their physiological roles.

Graphical abstract: Which CIDE are you on? Apoptosis and energy metabolism

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Article information


Submitted
12 Jul 2010
Accepted
27 Aug 2010
First published
22 Oct 2010

Mol. BioSyst., 2011,7, 91-100
Article type
Review Article

Which CIDE are you on? Apoptosis and energy metabolism

T. Yonezawa, R. Kurata, M. Kimura and H. Inoko, Mol. BioSyst., 2011, 7, 91
DOI: 10.1039/C0MB00099J

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