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Issue 24, 2011
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Patterning cells and shear flow conditions: Convenient observation of endothelial cell remoulding, enhanced production of angiogenesis factors and drug response

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Abstract

We present a method that allows patterning cells and shear flow conditions for endothelial cell based assays. This method is novel in combining (1) cell culture on the surface of a substrate both topographically and chemically patterned; (2) multi-shear flow assays after covering the cell substrate with a microfluidic cover plate containing microchannels of different channel widths, and (3) conventional immunostaining assays after removal of the cover plate. This method has the advantage of performing cell cultures and immunoassays in standard cell biology environments with open access, facilitating the formation of confluent cell layers and the observation of cell responses to shear-flow and drug stimulations. To obtain multi-shear stress conditions, a single channel with stepwise increasing channel widths was patterned on the surfaces of both the substrate and the microfluidic cover plate. As results, we observed excellent viability of endothelial cells in the whole range of applied shear stresses (0–25 dyn cm−2) and shear stress dependent cytoskeleton remoulding, activation of von Willebrand factor (vWF), and re-organisation of angiogenesis factors such as tetra peptide acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP) of endothelial cells. To validate this approach for drug analysis, we also studied drug effects under shear stress conditions. Our results indicate that the drug effect of combretastatin A-4, an anti-tumour vascular targeting drug, could be significantly enhanced under shear flow conditions.

Graphical abstract: Patterning cells and shear flow conditions: Convenient observation of endothelial cell remoulding, enhanced production of angiogenesis factors and drug response

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Article information


Submitted
05 Aug 2011
Accepted
09 Sep 2011
First published
03 Nov 2011

Lab Chip, 2011,11, 4235-4240
Article type
Paper

Patterning cells and shear flow conditions: Convenient observation of endothelial cell remoulding, enhanced production of angiogenesis factors and drug response

L. Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Wdzieczak-Bakala, D. Pang, J. Liu and Y. Chen, Lab Chip, 2011, 11, 4235
DOI: 10.1039/C1LC20722A

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