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Issue 3, 2011
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New family of fluorinated polymer chips for droplet and organic solvent microfluidics

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Abstract

We present a new family of microfluidic chips hot embossed from a commercial fluorinated thermoplastic polymer (Dyneon THV). This material shares most of the properties of fluoro polymers (very low surface energy and resistance to chemicals), but is easier to process due to its relatively low melting point. Finally, as an elastic material it also allows easy world to chip connections. Fluoropolymer films can be imprinted by hot embossing from PDMS molds prepared by soft lithography. Chips are then sealed by an original technique (termed Monolithic-Adhesive-Bonding), using two different grades of fluoropolymer to obtain uniform mechanical, chemical and surface properties. This fabrication process is well adapted to rapid prototyping, but it also has potential for low cost industrial production, since it does not require any curing or etching step. We prepared microfluidic devices with micrometre resolution features, that are optically transparent, and that provide good resistance to pressure (up to 50 kPa). We demonstrated the transport of water droplets in fluorinated oil, and fluorescence detection of DNA within the droplets. No measurable interaction of the droplets with the channels wall was observed, alleviating the need for surface treatment previously necessary for droplet applications in microfluidic chips. These chips can also handle harsh organic solvents. For instance, we demonstrated the formation of chloroform droplets in fluorinated oil, expanding the potential for on chip microchemistry.

Graphical abstract: New family of fluorinated polymer chips for droplet and organic solvent microfluidics

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Aug 2010, accepted on 28 Oct 2010 and first published on 26 Nov 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00356E
Lab Chip, 2011,11, 508-512

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    New family of fluorinated polymer chips for droplet and organic solvent microfluidics

    S. Begolo, G. Colas, J. Viovy and L. Malaquin, Lab Chip, 2011, 11, 508
    DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00356E

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