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Issue 46, 2011
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The generation of palladium silicide nanoalloy particles in a SiCN matrix and their catalytic applications

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Abstract

The synthesis, characterization and catalytic studies of single phase palladium silicide nanoalloy particles supported by a polymer derived, non-oxide SiCN matrix (Pd2Si@SiCN) are reported. Simultaneous chemical modification of a polyorganosilazane as well as its cross-linking was achieved by the use of an aminopyridinato palladium complex at room temperature. Cross-linking takes place with an evolution of hydrogen and increases the ceramic yield by the retention of carbon and nitrogen atoms. Liberation of ligand, as confirmed by 1H NMR spectroscopy, provides indirect evidence of the transfer of palladium to the nitrogen functions producing metal modified polyorganosilazane whose pyrolysis at 1100 °C under nitrogen atmosphere provides Pd2Si@SiCN. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) studies confirmed the presence of the hexagonal Pd2Si phase in the amorphous SiCN matrix. The size of the particles formed seems to depend upon the nature of the solvent used in the cross-linking step. The amount of palladium complex added seems not to affect the size of particles formed but does increase their population density. Pd2Si@SiCN catalysts were found active for the hydrogenation of ketones. The selectivity of the reaction towards the alcoholic product remains very high. The conversion of the reaction however decreases both with increase in alkyl chain length as well as its branching at alpha carbon. The recyclable Pd2Si@SiCN could be a suitable choice for catalytic transformations under a harsh chemical environment and at higher temperatures.

Graphical abstract: The generation of palladium silicide nanoalloy particles in a SiCN matrix and their catalytic applications

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Article information


Submitted
01 Aug 2011
Accepted
23 Sep 2011
First published
25 Oct 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 18825-18831
Article type
Paper

The generation of palladium silicide nanoalloy particles in a SiCN matrix and their catalytic applications

M. Zaheer, G. Motz and R. Kempe, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 18825 DOI: 10.1039/C1JM13665H

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