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Issue 21, 2011
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Synthesis and self-assembly of complex hollow materials

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Hollow materials with interiors or voids and pores are a class of lightweight nanostructured matters that promise many future technological applications, and they have received significant research attention in recent years. On the basis of well-known physicochemical phenomena and principles, for example, several solution-based protocols have been developed for the general preparation of these complex materials under mild reaction conditions. This article is thus a short introductory review on the synthetic aspects of this field of development. The synthetic methodologies can be broadly divided into three major categories: (i) template-assisted synthesis, (ii) self-assembly with primary building blocks, and (iii) induced matter relocations. In most cases, both synthesis and self-assembly are involved in the above processes. Further combinations of these methodologies appear to be very important, as they will allow one to prepare functional materials at a higher level of complexity and precision. The synthetic strategies are introduced through some simple case studies with schematic illustrations. Salient features of the methods developed have been summarized, and some urgent issues of this field have also been indicated.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and self-assembly of complex hollow materials

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Article information

01 Feb 2011
08 Mar 2011
First published
01 Apr 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 7511-7526
Article type
Feature Article

Synthesis and self-assembly of complex hollow materials

H. C. Zeng, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 7511
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM10499C

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