Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.


Issue 6, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Analysis of evaporation and thermal decomposition of ionic liquids by thermogravimetrical analysis at ambient pressure and high vacuum

Author affiliations

Abstract

Ionic liquids (ILs) are widely discussed as alternative green solvents not only because of their unique chemical properties, but also because of their extremely low vapour pressure and – at least in some cases – relatively high thermal stability. Two complementary methods are analyzed and compared to determine both the rate constant of decomposition and the vapour pressure of four ILs: (1) thermogravimetrical analysis at ambient pressure (TGap) with an overflow of inert gases, and (2) high vacuum (HV) experiments with a magnetic suspension balance (MSB). At ambient pressure, [EMIM][MeSO3] and [EMIM][CF3SO3] decompose without a significant contribution of evaporation, which leads to the rate constant of thermal degradation. For both ILs, the vapour pressure can only be determined at HV by the MSB, because the evaporation rate is then higher than the decomposition rate. For the relatively volatile ILs [EMIM][NTf2] and [BMIM][NTf2] the vapour pressure can be derived both by the MSB at HV as well as by TGap. General strategies to determine the volatility and stability of ILs and criteria for the maximum operation temperature with regard to decomposition and evaporation are presented.

Graphical abstract: Analysis of evaporation and thermal decomposition of ionic liquids by thermogravimetrical analysis at ambient pressure and high vacuum

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
03 Dec 2010
Accepted
07 Apr 2011
First published
18 May 2011

Green Chem., 2011,13, 1453-1466
Article type
Paper

Analysis of evaporation and thermal decomposition of ionic liquids by thermogravimetrical analysis at ambient pressure and high vacuum

F. Heym, B. J. M. Etzold, C. Kern and A. Jess, Green Chem., 2011, 13, 1453
DOI: 10.1039/C0GC00876A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements