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Issue 7, 2011
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Levulinic esters from the acid-catalysed reactions of sugars and alcohols as part of a bio-refinery

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Abstract

Polymeric humin formation greatly diminishes levulinic acid yields in acid treatment of C6 sugars in aqueous medium. Protecting reactive functional groups of sugars and reaction intermediates via acetalisation and etherification in methanol medium effectively suppresses humin formation and remarkably enhances the production of levulinic esters.

Graphical abstract: Levulinic esters from the acid-catalysed reactions of sugars and alcohols as part of a bio-refinery

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Mar 2011, accepted on 03 May 2011 and first published on 03 Jun 2011


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C1GC15272F
Green Chem., 2011,13, 1676-1679

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    Levulinic esters from the acid-catalysed reactions of sugars and alcohols as part of a bio-refinery

    X. Hu and C. Li, Green Chem., 2011, 13, 1676
    DOI: 10.1039/C1GC15272F

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