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Issue 6, 2011
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Role of reverse micelles on lipid oxidation in bulk oils: impact of phospholipids on antioxidant activity of α-tocopherol and Trolox

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Abstract

Phospholipids self-assemble in bulk oils to form structures such as reverse micelles that can alter the microenvironment where chemical degradation reactions occur, such as lipid oxidation. In this study, we examined the influence of phospholipid reverse micelles on the activity of non-polar (α-tocopherol) and polar (Trolox) antioxidants in stripped soybean oil (SSO). Reverse micelles were formed by adding 1000 μM 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) to SSO. The addition of DOPC reverse micelles had a prooxidant effect, shortening the lag phase of SSO at 55 °C. DOPC improved the activity of low α-tocopherol or Trolox concentrations (10 μM) but decreased the activity of high concentrations (100 μM). Hydrophilic Trolox had better antioxidant activity than hydrophobic α-tocopherol. Fluorescence steady state and lifetime decay studies suggests that differences in the antioxidant activity of Trolox and α-tocopherol could be due to differences in their physical location in DOPC reverse micelles. These results will improve our understanding and control of lipid oxidation in bulk oils.

Graphical abstract: Role of reverse micelles on lipid oxidation in bulk oils: impact of phospholipids on antioxidant activity of α-tocopherol and Trolox

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Article information


Submitted
21 Mar 2011
Accepted
09 May 2011
First published
02 Jun 2011

Food Funct., 2011,2, 302-309
Article type
Paper

Role of reverse micelles on lipid oxidation in bulk oils: impact of phospholipids on antioxidant activity of α-tocopherol and Trolox

B. Chen, A. Han, M. Laguerre, D. J. McClements and E. A. Decker, Food Funct., 2011, 2, 302
DOI: 10.1039/C1FO10046G

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