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Issue 7, 2011
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Effectiveness of amendments on re-acidification and heavy metal immobilization in an extremely acidic mine soil

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Abstract

Previous studies have shown that the application of soil amendments is efficient in reducing acidity and heavy metal bioavailability in mine soils. However, it remains a challenge for environmentalists to predict accurately and control economically the re-acidification in re-vegetated mine soils. In this study, net acid generation (NAG) test and bioassay technique were employed to assess the effectiveness of the amendments [including lime, N-P-K (nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium) fertilizer, phosphate and river sediment] on re-acidification and heavy metal immobilization in an extremely acid (pH < 3) mine soil. Our results suggested that NAG test was a rapid and accurate approach to assess the effectiveness of the amendments on re-acidification potential of the mine soil. Interestingly, it was found that phosphate and river sediment played quite specific roles in preventing the re-acidification in the mine soil. In addition, the results also indicated that the addition of 25 t ha−1 lime combined with river sediment (30%) might be an economical method to successfully control the acidification and re-acidification in the extremely acid mine soil, allowing the re-establishment of the plants. Collectively, our results implied that the combined use of NAG test and bioassay assessment was effective in evaluating a reclamation strategy for extremely acidic mine soils.

Graphical abstract: Effectiveness of amendments on re-acidification and heavy metal immobilization in an extremely acidic mine soil

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Article information


Submitted
11 Jan 2011
Accepted
21 Apr 2011
First published
24 May 2011

J. Environ. Monit., 2011,13, 1876-1883
Article type
Paper

Effectiveness of amendments on re-acidification and heavy metal immobilization in an extremely acidic mine soil

S. X. Yang, J. T. Li, B. Yang, B. Liao, J. T. Zhang and W. S. Shu, J. Environ. Monit., 2011, 13, 1876
DOI: 10.1039/C1EM10028A

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