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Issue 10, 2011
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Gas storage in porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs)

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Abstract

A series of porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs) were synthesized via a Yamamoto-type Ullmann reaction containing quadricovalent Si (PAF-3) and Ge (PAF-4). These PAFs are thermally stable up to 465 °C for PAF-3 and 443 °C for PAF-4, corresponding to a 5% weight loss according to the TG pattern. As PAF-1, they exhibit high surface areas (up to 2932 m2 g−1) and excellent adsorption ability to hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide. Low pressure gas uptake experiments on PAFs show PAF-3 has the highest heat of adsorption (Qst) of hydrogen (6.6 kJ mol−1) and carbon dioxide (19.2 kJ mol−1), while PAF-4 has the highest Qst for methane adsorption (23.2 kJ mol−1) among PAFs. Gas molecule recognition at 273 K was performed and results show only greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane could be adsorbed onto PAFs.

Graphical abstract: Gas storage in porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs)

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Article information


Submitted
24 Feb 2011
Accepted
14 Apr 2011
First published
14 Jun 2011

Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 3991-3999
Article type
Paper

Gas storage in porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs)

T. Ben, C. Pei, D. Zhang, J. Xu, F. Deng, X. Jing and S. Qiu, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 3991
DOI: 10.1039/C1EE01222C

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