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Issue 6, 2011
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Active site modifications in pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase can lead to improved product enantiopurity, decreased by-product formation and altered stereochemical outcome in reactions with α,β-unsaturated nitroolefins

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Abstract

This work describes a site-directed mutagenesis study of pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase (PETN reductase) to probe the role of key active site residues in influencing both product enantiopurity and the ratio of C[double bond, length as m-dash]C vs. nitro-group reduction with 2-phenyl-1-nitropropene. Comparative biotransformations of wild type and single/double mutants of PETN reductase with 2-phenyl-1-nitropropene showed that one enzyme scaffold was capable of generating both enantiomeric products with improved enantiopurities by a manipulation of the reaction conditions and/or the presence of a one or two key mutations. These changes located at key active site residues were sufficient to moderately improve product enantiopurity, cause a switch in the major product enantiomer formed and/or promote or eliminate side-product formation. The mutation of substrate-binding residue Y351 to alanine and phenylalanine improved the biocatalytic potential of PETN reductase by the elimination of a competing side reaction. The crystal structures of three mutants at residue Y351 (PDB codes: 3P81, 3P84 and 3P8J) show that only subtle changes in the active site environment may be necessary to generate significantly improved biocatalysts.

Graphical abstract: Active site modifications in pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase can lead to improved product enantiopurity, decreased by-product formation and altered stereochemical outcome in reactions with α,β-unsaturated nitroolefins

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Article information


Submitted
22 Dec 2010
Accepted
17 Mar 2011
First published
04 Apr 2011

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2011,1, 948-957
Article type
Paper

Active site modifications in pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase can lead to improved product enantiopurity, decreased by-product formation and altered stereochemical outcome in reactions with α,β-unsaturated nitroolefins

A. Fryszkowska, H. Toogood, M. Sakuma, G. M. Stephens, J. M. Gardiner and N. S. Scrutton, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2011, 1, 948
DOI: 10.1039/C0CY00092B

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