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Issue 39, 2011
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Switching the photoinduced processes in host–guest complexes of β-cyclodextrin-substituted silicon(IV) phthalocyanines and a tetrasulfonated porphyrin

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Abstract

Porphyrins and phthalocyanines are two attractive classes of functional dyes for the construction of artificial light harvesting and charge separation molecular systems. The assembly of these components by supramolecular approach is of particular interest as this provides a facile route to build multi-chromophoric arrays with various architectures and tuneable photophysical properties. We report herein a series of host–guest complexes formed between a tetrasulfonated porphyrin and several silicon(IV) phthalocyanines substituted axially with two permethylated β-cyclodextrin units via different spacers. As shown by electronic absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic methods, the two components bind spontaneously in a 1 ∶ 1 manner in water with large binding constants in the range of 1.1 × 107 to 3.5 × 108 M−1. The photophysical properties of the resulting supramolecular complexes have also been studied in detail using steady-state and time-resolved optical spectroscopic methods. It has been found that two major photoinduced processes, namely fluorescence resonance energy transfer and charge transfer are involved which are controlled by the spacer between the β-cyclodextrin units and the silicon centre of phthalocyanine. Despite the fact that charge transfer is a thermodynamically favourable process for all the complexes, only the ones with a tetraethylene glycol or oxo linker exhibit an efficient charge transfer from the excited phthalocyanine to the porphyrin entity. The lifetimes of the corresponding charge-separated states have been determined to be 200 and 70 ps by picosecond pump–probe experiments.

Graphical abstract: Switching the photoinduced processes in host–guest complexes of β-cyclodextrin-substituted silicon(iv) phthalocyanines and a tetrasulfonated porphyrin

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Jun 2011, accepted on 11 Aug 2011 and first published on 01 Sep 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP21930H
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 17633-17641

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    Switching the photoinduced processes in host–guest complexes of β-cyclodextrin-substituted silicon(IV) phthalocyanines and a tetrasulfonated porphyrin

    E. A. Ermilov, R. Menting, J. T. F. Lau, X. Leng, B. Röder and D. K. P. Ng, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 17633
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP21930H

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