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Issue 9, 2011
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Effect of surface chemical composition on the surface potential and iso-electric point of silicon substrates modified with self-assembled monolayers

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Abstract

Self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified nano-materials are a new technology to deliver drug molecules. While the majority of these depend on covalently immobilizing molecules on the surface, it is proposed that electrostatic interactions may be used to deliver drugs. By tuning the surface potential of solid substrates with SAMs, drug molecules could be either absorbed on or desorbed from substrates through the difference in electrostatic interactions around the selected iso-electric point (IEP). In this work, the surface of silicon substrates was tailored with various ratios of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS) and 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS), which form amine- and thiol-bearing SAMs, respectively. The ratio of the functional groups on the silicon surface was quantified by X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS); in general, the deposition kinetics of APTMS were found to be faster than those of MPTMS. Furthermore, for solutions with high MPTMS concentrations, the relative deposition rate of APTMS increased dramatically due to the acid–base reaction in the solution and subsequent electrostatic interactions between the molecules and the substrate. The zeta potential in aqueous electrolytes was determined with an electro-kinetic analyzer. By depositing SAMs of binary functional groups in varied ratios, the surface potential and IEP of silicon substrates could be fine-tuned. For <50% amine concentration in SAMs, the IEP changed linearly with the chemical composition from <2 to 7.18. For higher amine concentrations, the IEP slowly increased with concentration to 7.94 because the formation of hydrogen-bonding suppressed the subsequent protonation of amines.

Graphical abstract: Effect of surface chemical composition on the surface potential and iso-electric point of silicon substrates modified with self-assembled monolayers

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Article information


Submitted
21 Nov 2010
Accepted
20 Jan 2011
First published
14 Feb 2011

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 3649-3653
Article type
Paper

Effect of surface chemical composition on the surface potential and iso-electric point of silicon substrates modified with self-assembled monolayers

C. Kuo, H. Chang, C. Liu, S. Lee, Y. You and J. Shyue, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 3649
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02615H

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