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Issue 18, 2011
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Exploring the dynamics of reaction N(2D)+C2H4 with crossed molecular-beam experiments and quantum-chemical calculations

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Abstract

We conducted the title reaction using a crossed molecular-beam apparatus, quantum-chemical calculations, and RRKM calculations. Synchrotron radiation from an undulator served to ionize selectively reaction products by advantage of negligibly small dissociative ionization. We observed two products with gross formula C2H3N and C2H2N associated with loss of one and two hydrogen atoms, respectively. Measurements of kinetic-energy distributions, angular distributions, low-resolution photoionization spectra, and branching ratios of the two products were carried out. Furthermore, we evaluated total branching ratios of various exit channels using RRKM calculations based on the potential-energy surface of reaction N(2D)+C2H4 established with the method CCSD(T)/6-311+G(3df,2p)//B3LYP/6-311G(d,p)+ZPE[B3LYP/6-311G(d,p)]. The combination of experimental and computational results allows us to reveal the reaction dynamics. The N(2D) atom adds to the C[double bond, length as m-dash]C π-bond of ethene (C2H4) to form a cyclic complex c-CH2(N)CH2 that directly ejects a hydrogen atom or rearranges to other intermediates followed by elimination of a hydrogen atom to produce C2H3N; c-CH2(N)CH+H is the dominant product channel. Subsequently, most C2H3N radicals, notably c-CH2(N)CH, further decompose to CH2CN+H. This work provides results and explanations different from the previous work of Balucani et al. [J. Phys. Chem. A, 2000, 104, 5655], indicating that selective photoionization with synchrotron radiation as an ionization source is a good choice in chemical dynamics research.

Graphical abstract: Exploring the dynamics of reaction N(2D)+C2H4 with crossed molecular-beam experiments and quantum-chemical calculations

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Nov 2010, accepted on 04 Mar 2011 and first published on 24 Mar 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02439B
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 8515-8525

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    Exploring the dynamics of reaction N(2D)+C2H4 with crossed molecular-beam experiments and quantum-chemical calculations

    S. Lee, C. Chin, W. Chen, W. Huang and C. Hsieh, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 8515
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02439B

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