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Issue 8, 2011
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The aqueous phase behavior of polyion–surfactant ion complex salts mixed with nonionic surfactants

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Abstract

The aim of this work was to study intermolecular interactions in systems containing charged polyion (polyacrylate, PA), charged surfactant (C16TA+) and nonionic surfactant (C12E5 or C12E8). To achieve this we have created four different phase diagrams using two different so-called complex salts, C16TAPA25 and C16TAPA6000, both consisting of positively charged surfactant (C16TA+) with polyacrylate (PA) as counterions (no simple salt). The difference between the salts is the length of the polyion (25 or 6000 monomers). Both are insoluble in water. The results revealed that decreasing polyion length and increasing the PEO chain length of the nonionic surfactant were important factors for increasing the solubility of the complex salt. We also found that the curvature effects are quite small at low water content when gradually exchanging C12E8 for either one of the complex salts while there is a gradual change in curvature for the systems containing C12E5. Another interesting observation was the possibility for relatively large amounts of complex salt to be incorporated into a V1 (Ia3d, bicontinuous) phase in the C12E8-containing systems. This gives rise to several questions regarding arrangements and dynamics of the polyion in this phase. In the dilute regime several different liquid crystalline phases can coexist with a dilute liquid phase containing the nonionic surfactant.

Graphical abstract: The aqueous phase behavior of polyion–surfactant ion complex salts mixed with nonionic surfactants

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
30 Jun 2010
Accepted
25 Aug 2010
First published
11 Oct 2010

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 3126-3138
Article type
Paper

The aqueous phase behavior of polyion–surfactant ion complex salts mixed with nonionic surfactants

J. Janiak, L. Piculell, G. Olofsson and K. Schillén, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 3126
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01031F

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