Mixed-component metal–organic frameworks (MC-MOFs) are metal–organic frameworks that have different linkers or metals with the same structural role. Many of these mixed-ligand or mixed-metal MOFs are solid solutions, in which the proportions of the ligands or metals can be adjusted or even controlled. These MC-MOFs can be prepared directly, using more than one metal or ligand in the synthesis, or formed by post-synthetic modification. A second class of MC-MOFs have core–shell structures, and these can be prepared through epitaxial growth of one MOF on the surface of another or post-synthetic modification of the crystal surfaces. This review describes the syntheses, structures and properties of mixed-ligand, mixed-metal and core–shell MOFs, and highlights some of the potential benefits in functionality that these materials have.
You have access to this article
Please wait while we load your content...
Something went wrong. Try again?