A study is described of the first on line, real time analyses of the exhaled breath of five anaesthetized patients during the complete perioperative periods of laparoscopic surgery. These breath analyses were achieved using a selected ion flow tube, SIFT-MS, instrument, located in the operating theatre at an acceptable distance from the operating table, and coupled to the endotracheal tube in the ventilation circuit via a 5 metre long capillary tube. Thus, inhalation/exhalation breathing cycles, set to be at a frequency of 10 per minute, were sampled continuously for water vapour, the metabolites acetone and isoprene and the propofol used to induce anaesthesia for each operating period that ranged from 20 min (shortest) to 80 min (longest). Whilst there was some loss of water vapour along the long sampling line, the concentrations of the other trace compounds were not diminished. The breath acetone was essentially at a constant level for each patient, but increased somewhat over the longest operating period due to the onset of lipolysis. Most interesting is the clear increase of breath isoprene following abdomen inflation with carbon dioxide. The vapour of the intravenously injected propofol was detected in the exhaled breath and remained essentially constant during the perioperative period. These analyses were performed totally non-invasively and the data were immediately and constantly available to the anaesthetist and surgeon. Exploitation of this development could influence decision making and potentially improve patient safety within the perioperative setting.
You have access to this article
Please wait while we load your content...
Something went wrong. Try again?