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Issue 9, 2011
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Microneedle array-based carbon paste amperometric sensors and biosensors

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The design and characterization of a microneedle array-based carbon paste electrode towards minimally invasive electrochemical sensing are described. Arrays consisting of 3 × 3 pyramidal microneedle structures, each with an opening of 425 µm, were loaded with a metallized carbon paste transducer. The renewable nature of carbon paste electrodes enables the convenient packing of hollow non-planar microneedles with pastes that contain assorted catalysts and biocatalysts. Smoothing the surface results in good microelectrode-to-microelectrode uniformity. Optical and scanning electron micrographs shed useful insights into the surface morphology at the microneedle apertures. The attractive performance of the novel microneedle electrode arrays is illustrated in vitro for the low-potential detection of hydrogen peroxide at rhodium-dispersed carbon paste microneedles and for lactate biosensing by the inclusion of lactate oxidase in the metallized carbon paste matrix. Highly repeatable sensing is observed following consecutive cycles of packing/unpacking the carbon paste. The operational stability of the array is demonstrated as well as the interference-free detection of lactate in the presence of physiologically relevant levels of ascorbic acid, uric acid, and acetaminophen. Upon addressing the biofouling effects associated with on-body sensing, the microneedle carbon paste platform would be attractive for the subcutaneous electrochemical monitoring of a number of physiologically relevant analytes.

Graphical abstract: Microneedle array-based carbon paste amperometric sensors and biosensors

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Article information

05 Jan 2011
24 Feb 2011
First published
16 Mar 2011

Analyst, 2011,136, 1846-1851
Article type

Microneedle array-based carbon paste amperometric sensors and biosensors

J. R. Windmiller, N. Zhou, M. Chuang, G. Valdés-Ramírez, P. Santhosh, P. R. Miller, R. Narayan and J. Wang, Analyst, 2011, 136, 1846
DOI: 10.1039/C1AN00012H

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