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Issue 22, 2010
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A robust nanofluidic membrane with tunable zero-order release for implantable dose specific drug delivery

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Abstract

This manuscript demonstrates a mechanically robust implantable nanofluidic membrane capable of tunable long-term zero-order release of therapeutic agents in ranges relevant for clinical applications. The membrane, with nanochannels as small as 5 nm, allows for the independent control of both dosage and mechanical strength through the integration of high-density short nanochannels parallel to the membrane surface with perpendicular micro- and macrochannels for interfacing with the ambient solutions. These nanofluidic membranes are created using precision silicon fabrication techniques on silicon-on-insulator substrates enabling exquisite control over the monodispersed nanochannel dimensions and surface roughness. Zero-order release of analytes is achieved by exploiting molecule to surface interactions which dominate diffusive transport when fluids are confined to the nanoscale. In this study we investigate the nanofluidic membrane performance using custom diffusion and gas testing apparatuses to quantify molecular release rate and process uniformity as well as mechanical strength using a gas based burst test. The kinetics of the constrained zero-order release is probed with molecules presenting a range of sizes, charge states, and structural conformations. Finally, an optimal ratio of the molecular hydrodynamic diameter to the nanochannel dimension is determined to assure zero-order release for each tested molecule.

Graphical abstract: A robust nanofluidic membrane with tunable zero-order release for implantable dose specific drug delivery

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 May 2010, accepted on 14 Jul 2010 and first published on 10 Aug 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00013B
Lab Chip, 2010,10, 3074-3083

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    A robust nanofluidic membrane with tunable zero-order release for implantable dose specific drug delivery

    D. Fine, A. Grattoni, S. Hosali, A. Ziemys, E. De Rosa, J. Gill, R. Medema, L. Hudson, M. Kojic, M. Milosevic, L. Brousseau III, R. Goodall, M. Ferrari and X. Liu, Lab Chip, 2010, 10, 3074
    DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00013B

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